NCBI: db=pubmed; Term=langerhans cell histiocytosis
A Case of Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis With Multifocal, Single-System GI Tract Involvement and Literature Review.
J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2019 Nov 22;:
Authors: Gotesman M, Getachew R, Morales S, Zangwill KM, Gershman G, Lee S, Lasky JL, Panosyan EH
Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is the most common histiocytic disorder, characterized by the pathologic clonal proliferation and accumulation of immature Langerhans cells within organs. Multiple organ systems can be affected, resulting in a spectrum of clinical manifestations. Isolated gastrointestinal involvement in LCH is rare and usually presents in childhood as a multisystem disease and usually has poor outcomes. We describe a 20-year-old Hispanic female with multifocal, single-system gastrointestinal LCH. Initially diagnosed from a CD1a, S100, and CD207 (Langerin) positive appendix tissue after an appendectomy and confirmed multifocal with an endoscopy. She had a full clinical and endoscopic resolution of disease with cytarabine therapy.
PMID: 31764515 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]
A Case of Multi-System Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis with Local Invasion of the Orbital Apex.
Case Rep Ophthalmol. 2019 Sep-Dec;10(3):319-326
Authors: Yamada H, Kurimoto T, Mori S, Sakamoto M, Ueda K, Yamada-Nakanishi Y, Uozumi Y, Shose H, Taniguchi M, Toyoda M, Minami H, Nakamura M
Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is characterised by tissue destruction caused by the abnormal proliferation of pathogenic dendritic cells. We report a rare case of multi-system LCH with local invasion of the orbital apex. A 56-year-old woman suffered from a decrease of visual acuity in the left eye caused by central scotoma and the limitation of eye movement in all directions. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed an enhanced lesion in the left orbital apex, suggesting optic nerve compression. She had been diagnosed with eosinophilic granuloma 24 years previously. Two weeks after the current presentation, we admitted the patient for optic canal and orbital apex decompression and subtotal tumour resection. Histopathological analysis confirmed the diagnosis of LCH. Post-surgical treatment with low-dose cytarabine was initiated for the residual tumour. However, it was ceased because of myelosuppression-induced pyelonephritis. After surgery, the central scotoma disappeared on day 5 and eye movement palsy resolved by 6 months. After the cessation of cytarabine, she has received low-dose steroid therapy for 2 years with no recurrence. Early surgical intervention with low-dose steroid therapy can lead to recovery of visual acuity and resolve eye movement palsy in patients with lesions of the orbital apex caused by multi-system LCH.
PMID: 31762762 [PubMed]
Generalized crystal-storing histiocytosis with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and monoclonal gammopathy in a Chinese elderly woman: a case report.
BMC Cancer. 2019 May 29;19(1):514
Authors: Tao Q, Zhang W, Chen Z, Gao L, Yan J, Wang M, Xiang C, Liu W
BACKGROUND: Crystal-storing histiocytosis (CSH) is a rare lesion characterized by sheets of crystal-laden non-neoplastic histiocytes. CSH shows a prominent association with lymphoproliferative disorders that express monoclonal immunoglobulins, mainly multiple myeloma (MM), lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma (LPL) and monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS). However, no aggressive B cell lymphoma has been reported to be associated with CSH.
CASE PRESENTATION: A 74-year-old Chinese woman presented with multiple subcutaneous masses, abdominal pain, and fever. An IgM kappa type of monoclonal gammopathy (MG) was noted by immunofixation performed on the patient’s serum. Computed tomographic (CT) scan revealed subcutaneous masses on the left upper arm and at the waist and multiple low-density lesions in the spleen. Microscopically, sections of subcutaneous masses revealed sheets of large polygonal and spindle cells with abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm, round to ovoid eccentric nuclei, reticulate chromatin, and median nucleoli. Massive needle-shaped crystals were confined to the cytoplasm. Immunohistochemically, these crystal-containing cells were positive for CD68/PGM1, CD163, IgM, and Igκ. Meanwhile, the splenic tumour was diagnosed as diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), non-germinal-centre B (non-GCB) subtype (Hans algorithm). Immunohistochemistry for IgM was positive in the cytoplasm of some neoplastic cells. Immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgH) gene rearrangement was detected by PCR analysis of the subcutaneous mass and the splenic tumour.
CONCLUSION: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of generalized CSH with DLBCL and MG. Although the rarity of CSH and separate locations of CSH and lymphoma led to a diagnostic dilemma, the presence of MG was a clue to appreciate the relation between CSH and DLBCL. This case stressed a full investigation into the underlying lymphoproliferative disorder for integrated diagnosis and correct treatments.
PMID: 31142285 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]